Endeavour was originally launched in 1764 as the coal trader “Earl of Pembroke”. She measured 97 ft. in length: 29ft. in breadth with a tonnage of 367 tons. Purchased by the Royal Navy in 1768, Endeavour was fitted out at Deptford under the supervision of Lieutenant James Cook.

Cook set sail on August 26th of the same year with orders to explore and map the South Pacific and to prove or disprove the existence of a great southern continent. The results of this historic voyage are well known, not only did he discover the east coast of Australia, but he also proved there was a cure for the seafarer’s deadly enemy – scurvy!

After her return in 1771, Endeavour made several voyages to the Falkland Islands with stores before being sold in 1775. She is said to have returned to the North Sea coal trade for some years, and then to have passed into French ownership, ending her days at Newport Rhode Island.

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Maritime and marine art by historical artist Richard Linton

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